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US Imports from Vietnam: A Growing Trade Relationship

Updated time: 31 Jul, 2023, 17:35 (UTC+08:00)

The economic ties between the United States and Vietnam have witnessed remarkable growth in recent years. As one of the fastest-growing economies in Southeast Asia, Vietnam has become an important trading partner for the US. In this article, we will explore what the US imports from Vietnam, as well as the US import tax and duty rates associated with these imports.

What does the US import from Vietnam?

Vietnam has emerged as a significant exporter to the United States, providing a wide range of goods to American consumers. Some of the key products imported from Vietnam include apparel and textiles, footwear, electronics, furniture, machinery, and agricultural products. These goods are often competitively priced, making them attractive to US buyers.

Specific products and industries imported from Vietnam

Textiles and apparel 

Vietnam has emerged as a major global player in the textiles and apparel industry, supplying a significant portion of the clothing worn by Americans. The country's garment factories produce a diverse range of products, including clothing, footwear, and accessories. US importers rely on Vietnam for its competitive pricing, quality manufacturing, and ability to meet demanding timelines.

Electronics and electrical equipment

Vietnam has seen remarkable growth as an exporter of electronics and electrical equipment. The country's skilled workforce and favorable investment climate have attracted multinational corporations, resulting in the establishment of manufacturing facilities for products such as smartphones, computer hardware, televisions, and electronic components. The US imports a substantial amount of electronic goods from Vietnam to meet domestic consumer and industrial needs.


Vietnam has gained recognition as a leading footwear manufacturer, supplying a significant share of shoes imported into the United States. The country benefits from its skilled labor force and established supply chains, enabling it to produce a wide variety of footwear, including sneakers, sandals, and leather shoes. Vietnamese footwear exports cater to diverse consumer preferences and offer competitive pricing for American buyers.

Furniture and home furnishings

Vietnam's furniture industry has witnessed impressive growth, making it a prominent exporter of home furnishings to the United States. Vietnamese manufacturers produce a range of furniture items, including wooden furniture, upholstery, and decorative pieces. The country's reputation for craftsmanship, coupled with competitive pricing, has made Vietnam an attractive source for American importers seeking to meet the demands of the furniture market.

Agricultural products 

Vietnam's agricultural sector plays a significant role in its exports to the United States. Popular Vietnamese agricultural products imported by the US include coffee, seafood, rice, spices, and tropical fruits. Vietnam's fertile land, favorable climate, and traditional farming practices contribute to the production of high-quality agricultural goods that find a ready market in the United States.

Factors contributing to the growth of US imports from Vietnam

Several factors have contributed to the growth of US imports from Vietnam. Firstly, Vietnam's rapid economic development, improved infrastructure, and investment-friendly policies have attracted foreign direct investment and facilitated the expansion of export-oriented industries. Secondly, the availability of a skilled workforce, competitive production costs, and adherence to international quality standards have bolstered Vietnam's reputation as a reliable manufacturing hub. Additionally, the US-Vietnam Bilateral Trade Agreement and the subsequent Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement have played a pivotal role in fostering trade between the two countries, reducing barriers and creating opportunities for increased imports from Vietnam.

Factors contributing to the growth of US imports from Vietnam

Vietnam has emerged as a significant exporter to the United States.

By importing these diverse products from Vietnam, the United States benefits from cost-effective sourcing options, access to quality goods, and the ability to cater to the demands of American consumers. Furthermore, these imports contribute to job creation, economic growth, and the development of supply chains in both countries. As the US-Vietnam trade relationship continues to thrive, it is crucial to monitor evolving import trends and explore avenues for further collaboration and mutual benefit.

US import tax from Vietnam

Import taxes, also known as customs duties or tariffs, are levied on goods imported into a country. They serve multiple purposes, including protecting domestic industries, generating revenue for the government, and regulating international trade. Understanding the import tax structure between the United States and Vietnam is essential for comprehending the cost implications and trade dynamics of US imports from Vietnam.

Tariffs and duties on Vietnamese imports to the US

Overview of the US tariff system: 

The United States employs a tariff schedule that classifies imported goods into various categories, each with its corresponding tariff rate. Tariffs can be specific (based on quantity or weight) or ad valorem (based on the value of the goods). For imports from Vietnam, specific tariff rates are generally more common.

Specific tariffs imposed on Vietnamese goods: 

Vietnamese imports into the United States are subject to specific tariff rates determined by the Harmonized System (HS) code classification of each product. The HS code system assigns a unique code to each imported item, allowing for the identification of applicable tariff rates. Specific tariff rates can vary significantly depending on the product and can range from a few cents to several dollars per unit.

Impact of import taxes on Trade and Consumers

Effect on prices and affordability of Vietnamese imports: 

Import taxes, by their nature, increase the cost of imported goods. The imposition of tariffs on Vietnamese imports can result in higher prices for consumers, limiting their affordability. Import taxes also affect businesses that rely on Vietnamese inputs, potentially leading to increased production costs or reduced profit margins.

Considerations for businesses importing from Vietnam: 

Import taxes on Vietnamese goods can impact the competitiveness of US businesses that rely on imports from Vietnam. Importers need to factor in these taxes when determining the viability of sourcing goods from Vietnam versus other countries. Furthermore, fluctuations in tariff rates or changes in trade policies can introduce uncertainty and necessitate regular monitoring and strategic planning for businesses involved in US-Vietnam trade.

Recent changes or updates in US import tax policies regarding Vietnam

Trade agreements and tariff reductions: 

The United States and Vietnam have been actively engaged in trade negotiations, aiming to strengthen economic ties. Notably, the US-Vietnam Bilateral Trade Agreement and the subsequent Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement have played significant roles in facilitating trade between the two nations. These agreements have led to tariff reductions and eliminated barriers for specific goods, thereby enhancing the trade relationship.

Potential future developments and their implications: 

Ongoing discussions between the United States and Vietnam, as well as broader regional initiatives, such as the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), may lead to further changes in import tax policies. It is important for businesses and stakeholders to stay informed about any potential updates in tariff rates, preferential trade agreements, or trade policy shifts that could impact US import tax from Vietnam.

By comprehending the import tax framework and its implications, businesses and consumers can make informed decisions regarding US imports from Vietnam. Staying abreast of any changes or updates in import tax policies allows for effective planning and adaptation in an ever-evolving trade environment.

US import duty rates from Vietnam

Import duty rates refer to the specific percentage of the value of imported goods that must be paid as a duty or tax upon entry into the United States. These US duty rates play a crucial role in determining the cost competitiveness and feasibility of importing goods from Vietnam. Understanding the duty rates applicable to Vietnamese imports is vital for businesses and consumers alike.

US import duty rates from Vietnam

US import duty rates from Vietnam

Calculation and determination of duty rates for Vietnamese imports to US

The US duty rates for Vietnamese imports are determined based on the Harmonized System (HS) code classification assigned to each product. The HS code categorizes goods into specific product groups and assigns a corresponding duty rate. The rate is calculated as a percentage of the value of the goods, often known as an ad valorem duty.

The specific HS code, along with the associated duty rate, can be found in the U.S. International Trade Commission's Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS). Importers must correctly classify their goods using the appropriate HS code to ensure accurate determination of duty rates.

Examples of specific products and their corresponding duty rates

Case studies highlighting duty rates on selected goods: 

  1. Textiles and apparel: US Duty rates for textiles and apparel imported from Vietnam can vary depending on factors such as the material, design, and value of the goods. For example, certain types of clothing may have duty rates ranging from 10% to 32%.
  2. Electronics and electrical equipment: US Duty rates for electronics and electrical equipment imported from Vietnam can also vary significantly. Goods such as smartphones or computer parts may attract duty rates ranging from 0% to 5%.
  3. Footwear: US Duty rates for footwear imported from Vietnam can vary based on factors like the type of shoes and their material composition. Duties on footwear may range from 8% to 37.5%.

Comparison of duty rates with other trading partners

Assessing the competitiveness of Vietnamese imports in the US market:

Comparing duty rates on Vietnamese imports with those from other trading partners provides insights into the competitiveness of Vietnamese goods. Lower duty rates on Vietnamese products can enhance their affordability and competitiveness compared to imports from countries with higher duty rates.

Implications for trade relations and market dynamics: 

Duty rates can influence trade dynamics and impact the choice of sourcing destinations for businesses. Lower duty rates on Vietnamese goods may incentivize US importers to choose Vietnam as a preferred supplier, fostering stronger trade relations between the two countries. Additionally, duty rate differentials can influence market trends and consumer preferences, as lower-priced imports may gain a competitive advantage over higher-priced alternatives.

It is important for importers and businesses involved in US-Vietnam trade to stay updated on any changes or adjustments to duty rates. Regular monitoring of duty rates allows for informed decision-making, strategic sourcing, and effective cost management in the context of US imports from Vietnam.

In conclusion, the United States imports a wide range of goods from Vietnam, including apparel, footwear, electronics, furniture, machinery, and agricultural products. Vietnam's competitive pricing, skilled workforce, and manufacturing capabilities make it an attractive sourcing destination for US companies. While import taxes and duty rates apply to certain products, importers can benefit from trade agreements like the UVFTA to reduce tariffs and facilitate smoother trade flows between the two nations. The growing trade relationship between the US and Vietnam serves as a testament to the mutual benefits and opportunities that arise from international trade.



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